On the Role of Local Government and Municipalities
in Improving Traffic Safety on Local and Regional Roads
Skopje, Macedonia, Holiday Inn
20-23 May 2014
The Republic of Macedonia is small country situated in the southern part of Balkan Peninsula. It borders Serbia and Kosovo to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east. It is a natural bridge between East and West, North and South. Macedonia abounds in natural beauty. Many have named it “the pearl of the Balkan”. The numerous mountains, forests, rivers and lakes present a great tourist attraction. The cultural map is exceptionally rich and varied. Valuable archaeological sites, large number of churches and monasteries with their icons, frescoes and woodcarvings, testify the cultural heritage. Visit these websites for more information about Macedonian history and culture:
64.7% Orthodox Christians, 33.3% Muslims, 0.37% Protestant, Catholic and other religions
Denar (MKD) 61.5 MKD = 1 euro
CET (Central European Time), GMT + 01:00
Other spoken languages:
Albanian, Turkish, Serbian, Vlach
Macedonian climate varies a lot. The mildly continental climate covers most of Macedonia. The summers are usually hot and dry with an average temperature of 30° to 38° C, but it can go over 40° degrees. Don’t be surprised if you get caught in a summer shower. The days are usually very sunny, so you need to take precautions about sunstroke and dehydration.
Macedonia has a long and praised tradition of culinary delights. Over the centuries, many civilizations have enjoyed the produce of its fertile soil. Macedonia is also rich in meat, producing beef, chicken, pork and lamb, and a whole range of game. Macedonia is known for its cheeses: a soft white cheese (sirenje), similar to Greek feta and a yellow cheese (kashkaval), similar to Italian Locatello Romano. Every Macedonian village offers unique local varieties. Macedonia is also famous for its wines, produced by unusually high quality grapes, such as Vranec, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot. Today, several small boutique wineries in Macedonia produce delectable red and white wines. Besides its wines, Macedonian vintners produce a potent brandy (rakija) and mastica. Traditional Macedonian cuisine combines Balkan and Mediterranean characteristics, inherited largely from Turkish tastes that prevailed during long centuries of Ottoman rule. Specialties such as taratur (sour yogurt with bits of cucumber), pindzur (cream salad with peppers and eggplant) and the world-famous baklava are characteristic of the Balkans. Other Turkish-influenced dishes include grilled beef kabobs and burek, a flaky sort of pie filled with ham, cheese, spinach, ground beef and combinations thereof. Be sure to try Macedonian tavce gravce (baked beans), shopska salata (a salad made of sliced tomato, cucumber and onion, topped with ground soft white cheese), selsko meso (pork chops and champignon mushrooms in a rich brown gravy), pastrmajlija (a sort of pizza topped with meat and sometimes egg) and, above all, ajvar (the national sauce, made from sweet red peppers).
Electricity: 220 volts, 50 Hz Driving license International; the driving is on the right hand side of the street. Telecommunications In order to place an international telephone call from Macedonia, you have to dial:
00 to indicate that an international connection is require
The telephone code of the target country
City code within the target country, usually omitting the zero (0) that precedes it
The subscriber’s telephone number
Note: Phone calls made between 2000-0800 (10 PM – 8 AM) cost 50% cheaper For your family or associates at home to call Macedonia:
The country code for Macedonia is 389
City code for Skopje is 02
Internet Service Most of the restaurants, pubs and bars in Skpoje and Ohrid are prowiding Wi-Fi internet connection. Otherwise there are numerous Internet Cafes in Skopje.
Useful telephone numbers:
Fire service: 193
First Aid: 194
Medical Assistance: 3130 311
Macedonian currency’s name is DENAR (MKD). There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 50 Denars and notes of 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 Denars. In the larger cities you will find ATM machines and credit cards will usually be accepted but in the smaller cities and villages it is a cash economy. Money can be exchanged at hotels, banks and exchange offices. Credit cards American Express, Visa, Diners Club, MasterCard and Eurocard are accepted. Traveller’s checks can be exchanged in any major bank. Bank post offices are open between 7am and 7pm during the week, and on the weekends between 7am and 1pm on Saturdays. Exchange rate: $1=45 denars; 1 euro = 61.5 denars.
Skopje, Capital city Skopje is the capital and the largest city. With a mixed atmosphere of the Orient and the West and a history of more than 2000 years, it is the right place to start discovering the Republic of Macedonia. It is a place where many roads and civilizations have met and mingled. As Scupi, it was an important place during the Roman and Byzantine empires, and some of its ruins from an earthquake in 518 AD can be seen in the NW suburbs. It was rebuilt and renamed JUSTINIANA PRIMA in 535, as the birthplace of the Eastern Emperor Justinian I. It was also a well-known trade centre during the long rule of the Ottoman Empire (1392-1912). It suffered another earthquake in 1515 and was burnt down, because of a plague, by the Austrian General Piccolomini in 1689, who invaded Macedonia following the first peasant revolt against the Ottoman Empire led by Karpos Voivoda. The world’s best cities all contain at least one secluded natural escape. Skopje has two – a long, tree-lined park along the river, and the forested hills of Mt. Vodno, which overlooks the city from the southwest and offers excellent hiking and wilderness serenity within walking distance of downtown Skopje. Mt. Vodno is crowned by the enormous Millennium Cross. From here, you get magnificent views of Macedonia’s capital. Skopje suffered a disastrous earthquake in 1963 but today is growing into a modern city with all the known vistas and international architecture, but with the preserved and restored old and oriental quarter on the left bank side of the Vardar River. In addition, we can proudly say that Mother Teresa lived in Skopje until her 18th year.